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Images
INTERIOR OF A CROWN-GLASS HOUSE Apsley Pellatt's Falcon Glass House, interior view, 1842 Lewis Hine child labor photos, 1908-1924
Interior of a Crown Glass House
ca1835
Apsley Pellatt's
Falcon Glass House

1842
Lewis Hine: child labor
1908-1924
Cooperative Flint Glass Company, undated Flint Tank No. 12 Making Drug Ware, Whitall Tatum Co. First fully automatic insulator machine, Whitall Tatum Co.
Cooperative Flint Glass Co
Undated
Whitall-Tatum Co
undated
Whitall-Tatum Co
ca1920s
Whitall Tatum Co factory interior showing glassblowers.
Whitall-Tatum Co
ca1920s
Articles, Pamphlets, Books
Glassmaking in the Diderot Encyclopedia That famous product of French Enlightenment, the Diderot Encyclopedia by Denis Diderot et al, published from 1751-1772, includes detailed descriptions and engravings of many trades, including glassmaking. Of the original 40-some plates about glassmaking, six were re-printed by the Corning Glass Center from originals in the Corning Museum of Glass, and released as "The Art of Glassmaking 1751-1772 / A Portfolio of Prints from the Diderot Encyclopedia". I added the original legends in French (from the ARTFL Encyclopédie Project) and my own loose English translations and commentary.
Curiosities of Glass-Making Apsley Pellatt's Curiosities of Glass-Making from 1849 is the most comprehensive glassmaking book here. He covers the history of glass, glass chemistry, batch formulas, furnaces, processes, labor organization and pay scales, just about everything. Many cuts of unfortunately only so-so quality, but six nice color plates (drawings, not photos). Reprinted in 1968 by the Ceramic Book Company. 158 pages.
Reminiscences of Glass-Making Reminiscences of Glass-Making by Deming Jarves was first published in 1854 "in the columns of a village newspaper", and updated in 1865 with the second edition transcribed here. It was very popular and copies are easily available today (as well as a 1968 reprint). At over 100 pages, it offers details of glass-making and its history not published elsewhere, including glass formulas. Alas, only a few cuts.
Lawrence's Adventures (Among the Glass-Makers) Among the Glass-Makers, Chapter 3 of Lawrence's Adventures Amoung the Ice-Cutters, Glass-Makers, Coal-Miners, Iron-Men, and Ship-Builders by J. T. Trowbridge (1870), is the story of a kid's tour of a glassworks. It has interesting details not usually bothered with in adult descriptions of glassmaking.
The City of Pittsburgh in 1880 From the height of the industrial revolution in 1880, this Harper's article, The City of Pittsburgh, gives a brief history of Pittsburgh but mostly wants to talk about industry (coal, coke, petroleum, steel, glass). The author insists that in "the Smoky City", people revel in the "all-pervading soot and smoke" because pollution equals industry, so lots of smoke means lots of business: everyone's making money; noone seems concerned about health. It was a capitalist free-for-all and reminds of me of the China of 2010, 130 years later. Alas, badly written, but there is good artwork on every page.
Great American Industries--A Piece of Glass This 1889 article in Harper's New Monthly Magazine called A Piece of Glass is #8 in a series on "Great American Industries". It's a great overview of glassmaking during that period, with numerous cuts, some history, and interesting speculation about the future.
Stories of Industry--A Visit to the Glass Works This 1891 kids' series-- Stories of Industry-- is a little too brief, just 11 small pages, and confusing too-- it mixes up crown and cylinder window glass; I'd still have plenty of questions after reading it. But it has the merit of an illustration on almost every page. Worth a nosh just for the "cunning little curly feet."
How It Is Made--The Manufacture of Glass Archibald Williams' undated (ca1900) book How It Is Made describes in simple terms the manufacture of many common goods, including The Manufacture of Glass. Says he in the preface, "I have therefore been encouraged to make a tour of inspection among our industrial centres, and to record in these pages what I learnt from personal observation."
Experimental Glass Blowing For Boys This 1909 booklet-- Experimental Glass Blowing For Boys by Carleton J. Lynde, PH.D.-- was included with the Gilbert Glass Blowing set (reprinted numerous times, most recently as ISBN 1410102726). A.C. Gilbert is He of Erector Set Fame; he also made model trains and various science experiment sets: all educational in nature. Glass Blowing tells how to blow glass tubing into various shapes using an open alcohol flame, gives a bit of background of glassmaking, and proposes 80 experiments. Please note, this book is FOR BOYS ONLY, NO GIRLS ALLOWED.
300DPI scan: JPG ~34MB tar|zip|pdf, PNG ~115MB tar|zip|pdf.
The Mentor · Glass and Glass-Making LEARN ONE THING EVERY DAY exhorts The Mentor, and they mean it! Volume 7, Number 5 (Serial No. 177) in this series is Glass and Glass-Making by Esther Singleton (1919); a history of glass with several small photos of ancient glassware. Comes with six large gravures: The Portland Vase, The Luck of Eden Hall, Venetian Glass, Bohemian Goblets, English Cut Glass Bowl, and Tiffany Landscape Window. 300DPI scan: JPG ~35MB: tar|zip|pdf, PNG ~279MB: tar|zip|pdf
The Mentor · The Story of the Lens Volume 7, Number 14 of The Mentor continues educating about glass with Serial No. 186, The Story of the Lens, by Floyd L. Darrow (1919). Floyd never uses one word when five will do, but the historical information and general overview are useful. However, pay no attention to talk of the æther! Gravures are: Glass Grinding, Packing 100-inch Telescope Mirror, Telephotograph, Ultramicroscope, Nebula in Andromeda and Periscope.
The Mentor · Stained Glass 1919 was the year of Mentor glass education it seems. Volume 7, Number 20 (Serial No. 192) is Stained Glass, by Ida J. Burgess. Ida's also wordy, but I learned something, so perhaps you will too. Gravures: Rose Window (Rheims), East Window (Gloucester), Choir Window (Santa Maria del Popolo), Moses and the Law (16c Flemish), St. Roch. with Donor and Angel (16c Rhinelands), and Floral Window by John La Farge.
Flat Glass This little book, Flat Glass, was written in 1924 by Arthur E. Fowle of The Libbey-Owens Sheet Glass Co. of Toledo. It features many nice color illustrations of glassmaking, both hand and machine, but alas, the writing is atrocious. I am reminded of Mencken's "string of wet sponges". Was Fowle paid by the word? He never uses one word when ten will do. Still, I did pick up a few things from this quick read.
Royal Institution of Great Britain--The Making of a Sheet of Glass Transcription of a talk by Major R. M. Weeks of Pilkington Brothers, titled The Making of a Sheet of Glass, given to the Royal Institution of Great Britain in 1933. It's a bit more technical than most of the other material here, and has a few nice photos of cylinder sheet glass production (both manual and automatic).
How Glass Bottles are Made How Glass Bottles are Made by Elizabeth M. Bacon was produced in 1935 by Whitall Tatum Co. It gives a brief overview of glassmaking's origins, and describes fully automatic bottle production.
Coal Coal (1940) by Mary K. Chapin is a kid's booklet explaining about the types of coal, coal mining, how coal was formed, etc. Lots of nice photographs. Included here since coal was an important fuel for glass furnaces.