- Edward Gregson Banner
- Cranham Hall, Essex County 
- 11 Billiter Square, London 
- "Notice is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore
subsisting between the undersigned, Elizabeth Hutton and
Edward Gregson Banner, at No. 25, Watling-street, in the
city of London, under the firm of W. B. Hutton & Sons,
has been this day dissolved by mutual consent. All debts
due to and from the firm will be received and paid by the
said Edward Gregson Banner. —Dated this 12th day of
November, 1852." —The Gazette
- "Edward Gregson Banner & Sarah Caroline his wife v.
John England; Francis Blake; William Newton; and Hawkesley Hall "
—University of Houston, C78 1865
- "Appellant: Owners of the barque Amelia. Respondent:
John Banner and Edward Gregson Banner, both of 11 Billiter Sq,
City of London, owners of the brig Susan Bayley.
Subject: Collision between said vessels on 7 Oct 1872
Lower Court: High Court of Admiralty of England" —National Archives
- Wholesome houses, an exposition of the Banner system of
- UK 1885 patent No. 15138: "Securing coal hole plates", or
long form "FOR IMPROVEMENTS IN MEANS FOR FASTENING OR
SECURING COAL-HOLE-PLATES, OR PLATES OR COVERS FOR OPENINGS
FOR LIGHTING AND VENTILATING PURPOSES"
- Banner's Self-Fastening Coal Plates and Frames in Laxton's Builders' Price Book for 1892
- Borough Engineering Works Ltd,
- British Luxfer Syndicate Ltd,
Brooks Thomas & Co Ltd,
M. Fitzgerald & Co.,
- General Luxfer Prism Company, Limited,
Greener & Co,
Sunderland, England; [1885-1921]
- Former Wear Flint Glass Works
- 1858 Founded as [James] Angus and [Henry] Greener
- 1869 Angus RIP; Renamed Henry Greener
[Flint Glass Works?]
- 1882 Greener RIP
- 1885 Bought by James Augustus Jobling;
Renamed Greener & Co.;
- 1921 Produced PYREX; shortly renamed James A. Jobling and
- 1973 Taken over by Corning
- 1975 Renamed Corning Ltd
- "From 1878, the company put more effort into making less
intricate items such as pavement lights and slabs of glass and
this was carried on by his son Edward until 1884." ...after 1887...
"Soon, the company was producing over 600 domestic items in all
colours, as well as commercial products, such as pavement lights
and glasses and lenses for ships, railways, lighthouses, and
--Greener Pressed Glass
2, Wynatt Street, London E.C. ("And at: Warrington")
Hamilton & Co.,
- Rd No 3,859, "Transmitting Light into Apartments",
dated October 1, 1878 to Frederick Hamilton &
Frederick Alma Hamilton
- Court case against the Hamiltons patent infringement heard
before High Court (judgement with costs entered for Hayward Brothers)
- Award to "Hamilton & Co., Leadenhall Street, E.C., for
Prismoidal Pavement and Floor Lights" [Croydon, 1879?] —The
Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health. 1886;
- Hayward Brothers,
- John Healey Ltd,
- Thaddeus Hyatt,
- Farringdon Rd., Near Charterhouse St., London, E.C. (1878)
- Hyatt's Improved Patent Pavment Lights ad, 1878 Laxton's Price Book
- Hyatt's Improved Patent Encaustic Tile and Lens Lights /
Roadway Lights, Pavement Lights, / Flap-Doors in Guttered Frames, /
to prevent leakage, / Floor Lights. / Aquarium Lights, / Tank Lights,
Ceiling Lights. / Safe Walking Illuminating Surfaces. / Thaddeus
Hyatt, / Ornamental Roof-Maker, / patentee & manufacturer of /
Load-Bearing, Fire-Proof / Ceiling-Floors.
Improved Pavement Light Company Ltd,
(Rd No. 48677)
- J. A. King & Co, Ltd,
A. J. Lely & Son,
12 Railway Approach, London Bridge [?-1894-1900-?]
- Lely's Semi-Prism Lights
- This pavement light turned into a promotional item is etched
"A. J. Lely & Son / Pavement Light / Manufacturers /
12 Railway Approach / London Bridge". Embossed on the glass is
"LELY'S No 152" and "LONDON".
- Queensland PO Directory 1894-95 (Wise):
"Lely & Son's Prismatic Lights".
- New Zealand's 1898 Index to Commercial Prospectuses: "Pavement light manufacturers". —World Vital Records
- New Zealand PO Directory 1898-99 (Wise):
"A. J. LELY & SON, Engineers. 12, RAILWAY APPROACH,
LONDON BRIDGE, S.E. Manufacturers of all descriptions."
- Queensland PO Directory 1900 (Wise):
"A. J. Lely and Sons' Prismatic Lights".
- Faded London has a photo of an iron pavement light panel
with rectangular lenses; the frame is embossed
"LELY'S SEMI PRISM LIGHTS".
- Another panel is shown at ipernity, taken "Finsbury, London EC1, 15 April 2015. (image 3119)".
- I have a battered promo pavement light for trade; pictured right
is my new upgrade.
[?-1959-1967] (acquired by Luxfer Pavement Lights Ltd)
- Luxfer Ltd,
Mackenzie & Moncur Ltd,
Balcarres Street, Edinburgh,
"c.1850's - 1970's ?"
- "Specialists in hothouses and conservatories - Sefton
pool Skibo. Tulialan, Kew, Ardgillan Castle, Ireland. Also
pavement lights / drain covers."
- "Main works in Balcarres Street, Edinburgh. Dates of
Operation: c.1850's - 1970's? Also owned a foundry in Slateford Road.
Agents in Glasgow And Edinburgh. Major Glasshouse builders in
Edinburgh specialising in large structures and mechanical systems
(heating etc.) for hothouses. Contempories and rivals of Charles D.
Young in Edinburgh. Range of products: Conservatories, hothouses,
gates, fountains, garden chairs, iron cisterns, espaliers, summer
houses, verandas, pavilions, wrought iron boilers & fittings,
gratings, pipes, finials, crestings, radiators, domestic engineering
appliances, iron stairs. Specialised in the manufacture of pavement
'lights' and municipal castings."
- MacLean & Co.,
145 Bath Street, Glasgow
- 30 Albert Street, Manchester
- W. Magson, Midhurst Road, Benton, Newcastle
Marshall & Hatch,
74 to 80, Bingfield Street, York Road, King's Cross,
Patent Pavement Light Company Ltd,
- 181, Queen Victoria Street, F.C.
- "Company No: 22200; Patent Pavement Light Company Ltd.
Incorporated in 1886. Dissolved before 1916" —National Archives
- "There is to be seen here a dioptrical lens (Wilson's
patent), in which instead of a plane reflector, a convex
is adopted, by which it is claimed that a greater diffusion
of light is obtained. A comparative test is given showing
in the one case the reflection of the light in a direct focus
whilst in the convex form the rays of light are diffused
equally over the whole area." —The British Architect, V25, 1886
Pavement Light Co.
- "Patent for pavement lights, having for its object
lights so constructed as to divert the light in an inclined
direction into the rooms which it is desired to light, by
using glass moulded so as to consist of an angle or series
of angles. The defendants used lights of glass moulded so
as to consist of a curve: Held, that the defendants had
infringed: Haywood v. Pavement Light Co., R. P. C., vol. 1,
p. 207 (1884)." —Treatise on the Patent Law of the
Dominion of Canada (1894)
Sloan & Davidson,
St Pancras Ironworks,
London ("??? Engineers, St. Pancras Rd., London")
- "...the disused nineteenth century St Pancras Ironworks,
in a courtyard off York Way in Islington."
(excerpt from this BBC article titled
Heritage protection tax urged
- "...St. Pancras ironworks, a building which is considered
to be the most significant unlisted building in the immediate
area." (from The United Kingdom Parliament,
Tonge & Taggart Ltd,
- "My great, great, great (I think I have that right)
grandfather founded Tonge & Taggart. The Taggart side
died off and my uncle Claude, Thomas (Max) my father's brother
was the last managing director before it and the group Tonge
McLaughlin Holdings was sold to the Smurfit Group. The original
Tonge (father of the above) started in the coachbuilding business
in Little or Great Brittan Street in Dublin. We beleive that
we had come over from Yorkshire around the 1800's. A Thomas
Tonge had married an Ellan Maxfield (my father's name). It is
thought that they had arrived in Yorkshire from France with the
Huguenots (possibly coachbuilders) some two hundred years
Kieron Tonge on genealogy.com
- "I am formally June Tonge. My father Arthur worked in
Tonge & Taggart (Iron founders) as a patternmaker from
when he was 17 till 63 in 1984. The firm started in 1869
in Bishop Street in Dublin. Then in 1884 approx. it moved
to Windmill Lane (now music studios). His cousin Claude was
managing director until he died 1969. My dad's father,
William, was a patternmaker then he was manager. Other
members of the family worked there also. My father says he
never knew of any Taggarts while he was there. I think they
parted early in the business but the name stuck."
—June Comiskey on genealogy.com
UNILUX Pty Limited
Wilson & Co,
- 117, Charterhouse St., Charterhouse Sq., London, E.C.
- Laxton's Builders' Price Book for 1892
- "Wilson's Patent Dioptrical Pavement Lights.
Wilson's Patent Lenses for Floor Lights, Deck Lights, and
Pavement Lights of every description. Sample lenses
on application. Wilson's Patent Lenses for Stall Boards,
Cellar Flaps, Ornamental Tile and Glass Pavements, Safety
Coal Plates. Plans, Prices & Estimates Free."
- "WILSON & CO. beg to call the attention of
Architects and others to the superiority of Wilson's Patent
Dioptrical Lenses for pavement and floor lights. These Lenses
are constructed on strictly scientific principles, and have
been approved by some of the highest authorities on Light.
They are made of the Best English White Flint Glass, of high
refractive power, and transmit more light than any other
form of Lens yet introduced. The reflecting surface being
spherical, the rays of light are distributed in every
Fig. 1 shows how the ordinary prism or semi-prism, by
receiving the rays on a plane reflecting surface, throws
them forward at one angle only, in parallel lines close to
the ceiling. Fig. 2 represents the Patent Dioptrical Lens,
and shows by comparison how the rays of light, striking on
the curved inner surface, are reflected toward through the
face of the lens in every direction, filling the whole
angle of 90°, thus illuminating the apartment from
floor to ceiling and from wall to wall.
From the above diagram it will be seen wherein consists the
advantages claimed for Wilson's Patent Lenses. The objection
to the semi-prism is that it reflects the light, as shown in
Fig. 1, at such an angle as to be of little use, and more
especially if the line of the ceiling is below the line of
the pavement; then the value of the semi-prism as a light
projector is entirely lost. It will be seen also, on
reference to the above diagrams, in Fig. 1 that the first
row of semi-prisms obstructs the rays of light from each
succeeding row, whereas in Fig. 2 the bulk of the rays of
light are projected at such angles as to pass unobstructed
into the room. The correctness of these illustrations can
be practically demonstrated to any Architect desirous of
- George Wright,
(1914 Whitakers Red Book)