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Historic Prism Glass Companies of the United Kingdom
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Makers: 4 of 7

  • Banner, London [?-1892-?]
    • Edward Gregson Banner
      • Cranham Hall, Essex County [1854]
      • 11 Billiter Square, London [1879]
    • "Notice is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between the undersigned, Elizabeth Hutton and Edward Gregson Banner, at No. 25, Watling-street, in the city of London, under the firm of W. B. Hutton & Sons, has been this day dissolved by mutual consent. All debts due to and from the firm will be received and paid by the said Edward Gregson Banner. —Dated this 12th day of November, 1852." —The Gazette
    • "Edward Gregson Banner & Sarah Caroline his wife v. John England; Francis Blake; William Newton; and Hawkesley Hall " —University of Houston, C78 1865
    • "Appellant: Owners of the barque Amelia. Respondent: John Banner and Edward Gregson Banner, both of 11 Billiter Sq, City of London, owners of the brig Susan Bayley. Subject: Collision between said vessels on 7 Oct 1872 Lower Court: High Court of Admiralty of England" —National Archives
    • Wholesome houses, an exposition of the Banner system of sanitation, 1882
    • UK 1885 patent No. 15138: "Securing coal hole plates", or long form "FOR IMPROVEMENTS IN MEANS FOR FASTENING OR SECURING COAL-HOLE-PLATES, OR PLATES OR COVERS FOR OPENINGS FOR LIGHTING AND VENTILATING PURPOSES"
    • Banner's Self-Fastening Coal Plates and Frames in Laxton's Builders' Price Book for 1892
  • Borough Engineering Works Ltd, Luton [?-1901-1936-?]
  • British Luxfer Syndicate Ltd, London [1898-1929]
  • Brooks Thomas & Co Ltd, Dublin
  • Cretestone Ltd
  • M. Fitzgerald & Co., Dublin
  • General Luxfer Prism Company, Limited, [?-1900-1907]
  • Greener & Co, Sunderland, England; [1885-1921]
    • Former Wear Flint Glass Works
    • 1858 Founded as [James] Angus and [Henry] Greener
    • 1869 Angus RIP; Renamed Henry Greener [Flint Glass Works?]
    • 1882 Greener RIP
    • 1885 Bought by James Augustus Jobling; Renamed Greener & Co.; New trademark
    • 1921 Produced PYREX; shortly renamed James A. Jobling and Company
    • 1973 Taken over by Corning
    • 1975 Renamed Corning Ltd
    • "From 1878, the company put more effort into making less intricate items such as pavement lights and slabs of glass and this was carried on by his son Edward until 1884." ...after 1887... "Soon, the company was producing over 600 domestic items in all colours, as well as commercial products, such as pavement lights and glasses and lenses for ships, railways, lighthouses, and tramcars." --Greener Pressed Glass
  • Wm Halford, 2, Wynatt Street, London E.C. ("And at: Warrington") [?-1886-?]
  • Hamilton & Co., London
    • Rd No 3,859, "Transmitting Light into Apartments", dated October 1, 1878 to Frederick Hamilton & Frederick Alma Hamilton
    • Court case against the Hamiltons patent infringement heard before High Court (judgement with costs entered for Hayward Brothers) [1879]
    • Award to "Hamilton & Co., Leadenhall Street, E.C., for Prismoidal Pavement and Floor Lights" [Croydon, 1879?] —The Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health. 1886; 7: 417-423
  • Hayward Brothers, London
  • John Healey Ltd, London
  • Thaddeus Hyatt, London
    • Farringdon Rd., Near Charterhouse St., London, E.C. (1878)
    • Hyatt's Improved Patent Pavment Lights ad, 1878 Laxton's Price Book
    • Hyatt's Improved Patent Encaustic Tile and Lens Lights / Roadway Lights, Pavement Lights, / Flap-Doors in Guttered Frames, / to prevent leakage, / Floor Lights. / Aquarium Lights, / Tank Lights, Ceiling Lights. / Safe Walking Illuminating Surfaces. / Thaddeus Hyatt, / Ornamental Roof-Maker, / patentee & manufacturer of / Load-Bearing, Fire-Proof / Ceiling-Floors.
  • Improved Pavement Light Company Ltd, (Rd No. 48677)
    A. J. Lely & Son
    A. J. Lely & Son pavement light/paperweight
    Promotional Light

    A. J. Lely & Son pavement light panel
    Pavement Light Panel
    Faded London: Lightwells
    and their variants
  • J. A. King & Co, Ltd, London
  • A. J. Lely & Son, 12 Railway Approach, London Bridge [?-1894-1900-?]
    • Lely's Semi-Prism Lights
    • This pavement light turned into a promotional item is etched "A. J. Lely & Son / Pavement Light / Manufacturers / 12 Railway Approach / London Bridge". Embossed on the glass is "LELY'S No 152" and "LONDON".
    • Queensland PO Directory 1894-95 (Wise): "Lely & Son's Prismatic Lights".
    • New Zealand's 1898 Index to Commercial Prospectuses: "Pavement light manufacturers". —World Vital Records
    • New Zealand PO Directory 1898-99 (Wise): "A. J. LELY & SON, Engineers. 12, RAILWAY APPROACH, LONDON BRIDGE, S.E. Manufacturers of all descriptions."
    • Queensland PO Directory 1900 (Wise): "A. J. Lely and Sons' Prismatic Lights".
    • Faded London has a photo of an iron pavement light panel with rectangular lenses; the frame is embossed "LELY'S SEMI PRISM LIGHTS".
    • Another panel is shown at ipernity, taken "Finsbury, London EC1, 15 April 2015. (image 3119)".
    • I have a battered promo pavement light for trade; pictured right is my new upgrade.
  • Lenscrete, London [?-1959-1967] (acquired by Luxfer Pavement Lights Ltd)
  • Luxfer Ltd, London [1929-1940-?]
  • Mackenzie & Moncur Ltd, Balcarres Street, Edinburgh, "c.1850's - 1970's ?"
    • "Specialists in hothouses and conservatories - Sefton pool Skibo. Tulialan, Kew, Ardgillan Castle, Ireland. Also pavement lights / drain covers." --Scottish Ironwork
    • "Main works in Balcarres Street, Edinburgh. Dates of Operation: c.1850's - 1970's? Also owned a foundry in Slateford Road. Agents in Glasgow And Edinburgh. Major Glasshouse builders in Edinburgh specialising in large structures and mechanical systems (heating etc.) for hothouses. Contempories and rivals of Charles D. Young in Edinburgh. Range of products: Conservatories, hothouses, gates, fountains, garden chairs, iron cisterns, espaliers, summer houses, verandas, pavilions, wrought iron boilers & fittings, gratings, pipes, finials, crestings, radiators, domestic engineering appliances, iron stairs. Specialised in the manufacture of pavement 'lights' and municipal castings." --Scottish Ironwork
  • MacLean & Co., 145 Bath Street, Glasgow 1886 Marshall & Hatch's ad from Laxton's Price Book
    • 30 Albert Street, Manchester
    • W. Magson, Midhurst Road, Benton, Newcastle
  • Marshall & Hatch, 74 to 80, Bingfield Street, York Road, King's Cross, London [?-1886-?]
  • Patent Pavement Light Company Ltd, London [1886-1916?]
    • 181, Queen Victoria Street, F.C.
    • "Company No: 22200; Patent Pavement Light Company Ltd. Incorporated in 1886. Dissolved before 1916" —National Archives
    • "There is to be seen here a dioptrical lens (Wilson's patent), in which instead of a plane reflector, a convex is adopted, by which it is claimed that a greater diffusion of light is obtained. A comparative test is given showing in the one case the reflection of the light in a direct focus whilst in the convex form the rays of light are diffused equally over the whole area." —The British Architect, V25, 1886
  • Pavement Light Co. [?-1884-?]
    • "Patent for pavement lights, having for its object lights so constructed as to divert the light in an inclined direction into the rooms which it is desired to light, by using glass moulded so as to consist of an angle or series of angles. The defendants used lights of glass moulded so as to consist of a curve: Held, that the defendants had infringed: Haywood v. Pavement Light Co., R. P. C., vol. 1, p. 207 (1884)." —Treatise on the Patent Law of the Dominion of Canada (1894)
  • Sloan & Davidson, Leeds
  • St Pancras Ironworks, London ("??? Engineers, St. Pancras Rd., London")
    • "...the disused nineteenth century St Pancras Ironworks, in a courtyard off York Way in Islington." (excerpt from this BBC article titled Heritage protection tax urged
    • "...St. Pancras ironworks, a building which is considered to be the most significant unlisted building in the immediate area." (from The United Kingdom Parliament, Column 959)
  • Tonge & Taggart Ltd, Dublin [1869-1976-?]
    • "My great, great, great (I think I have that right) grandfather founded Tonge & Taggart. The Taggart side died off and my uncle Claude, Thomas (Max) my father's brother was the last managing director before it and the group Tonge McLaughlin Holdings was sold to the Smurfit Group. The original Tonge (father of the above) started in the coachbuilding business in Little or Great Brittan Street in Dublin. We beleive that we had come over from Yorkshire around the 1800's. A Thomas Tonge had married an Ellan Maxfield (my father's name). It is thought that they had arrived in Yorkshire from France with the Huguenots (possibly coachbuilders) some two hundred years before." Kieron Tonge on genealogy.com
    • "I am formally June Tonge. My father Arthur worked in Tonge & Taggart (Iron founders) as a patternmaker from when he was 17 till 63 in 1984. The firm started in 1869 in Bishop Street in Dublin. Then in 1884 approx. it moved to Windmill Lane (now music studios). His cousin Claude was managing director until he died 1969. My dad's father, William, was a patternmaker then he was manager. Other members of the family worked there also. My father says he never knew of any Taggarts while he was there. I think they parted early in the business but the name stuck."June Comiskey on genealogy.com
  • UNILUX Pty Limited
  • Wilson & Co, London [?-1890-1893-?]
    British Architect ad for Wilson's Patent Dioptrical Lenses, 1890
    The British Architect, Aug 16, 1889
    • 117, Charterhouse St., Charterhouse Sq., London, E.C.
    • Laxton's Builders' Price Book for 1892
    • "Wilson's Patent Dioptrical Pavement Lights. Wilson's Patent Lenses for Floor Lights, Deck Lights, and Pavement Lights of every description. Sample lenses on application. Wilson's Patent Lenses for Stall Boards, Cellar Flaps, Ornamental Tile and Glass Pavements, Safety Coal Plates. Plans, Prices & Estimates Free."
    • "WILSON & CO. beg to call the attention of Architects and others to the superiority of Wilson's Patent Dioptrical Lenses for pavement and floor lights. These Lenses are constructed on strictly scientific principles, and have been approved by some of the highest authorities on Light. They are made of the Best English White Flint Glass, of high refractive power, and transmit more light than any other form of Lens yet introduced. The reflecting surface being spherical, the rays of light are distributed in every direction. Fig. 1 shows how the ordinary prism or semi-prism, by receiving the rays on a plane reflecting surface, throws them forward at one angle only, in parallel lines close to the ceiling. Fig. 2 represents the Patent Dioptrical Lens, and shows by comparison how the rays of light, striking on the curved inner surface, are reflected toward through the face of the lens in every direction, filling the whole angle of 90°, thus illuminating the apartment from floor to ceiling and from wall to wall. From the above diagram it will be seen wherein consists the advantages claimed for Wilson's Patent Lenses. The objection to the semi-prism is that it reflects the light, as shown in Fig. 1, at such an angle as to be of little use, and more especially if the line of the ceiling is below the line of the pavement; then the value of the semi-prism as a light projector is entirely lost. It will be seen also, on reference to the above diagrams, in Fig. 1 that the first row of semi-prisms obstructs the rays of light from each succeeding row, whereas in Fig. 2 the bulk of the rays of light are projected at such angles as to pass unobstructed into the room. The correctness of these illustrations can be practically demonstrated to any Architect desirous of testing them."
  • George Wright, (1914 Whitakers Red Book)