twice or oftener in the week; while these are fusing, the workmen
gather out of other pots, so that all the pots are consecutively
worked out twice or thrice weekly. By this mode, a greater quantity
of Glass manufactures can be produced than by the English management;
but the pots must be comparatively small, the metal will not generally
be so well refined, and the fusion must also be conducted in the shortest
possible time. Large quantity and low price being the chief desiderata,
the men work the entire week at weekly wages, (except during twelve hours
on the Sunday), which is the most economical method.
English management has been uniformly the
same during the last half century. As the Excise found its system,
so, by its stringent and vexatious regulations, it continued to the
termination of its destructive reign; and, although its injurious
shackles are now removed, long habit, the difficulty of getting workmen
to labour during the entire week, and the alteration of English piece-work
to French time-work, (notwithstanding an increased weekly remuneration
would be the result,) would render it difficult to effect a change.
Circumstances and competition may, however, prove the disadvantage of our
present management, at no distant period, and compel home manufacturers
to adopt a more economical arrangement.
In a Glass-house in England, the pots
are filled but once a week, usually on Friday or Saturday morning.
Wood vessels, like hand-barrows, are used for bringing to the furnace the
mixed materials, which are thrown into pots, holding about 18 cwt. each,
in quantities of about 4 cwt. at