Glass & Glass-Making
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was also used to make the curved chevrons and zigzags that decorated a
vase or phial.
A HIGHLY IRIDESCENT
The pale tint of green feldspar was much liked, too.
The red imitated jasper. Many strange beads have been discovered; one that
belongs to Queen Hatasu
of the fifteenth dynasty (1450 B.C.) says in hieroglyphs that she was
"beloved of the Goddess
Phoenician and Cypriote Glass
The Phoenicians followed Egyptian ideas. They were
celebrated for a pure white glass. Phoenicia was also famous for its beads,--
those "aggry" beads, which have been dug up in all
countries-- Europe, Asia, India and parts of Africa-- wherever the Phoenicians
traded. These beads are opaque and of great variety. Some were used for
barter, others were made to please fastidious customers.
Artistic glass does not seem to have developed in
countries where pottery was brought to perfection. In Greece for example,
glass was almost neglected. The earliest Greek writer to speak of it is
Aristophanes (lived about 450-380 B.C.), who talks
of "cups of gold and of glass." Homer does not mention glass.
Most Greek glass has been dug up in the
Greco-Phoenician tombs in the islands of Cyprus and
Rhodes, where the Phoenician and Egyptian influences were
strong. The glass objects found in Rhodes and Cyprus, dating from about
800 B.C., are chiefly little bottles, rounded or pointed at the base,
that resemble the kohl
and unguent bottles of the Egyptians.
Although there are a few specimens of light green, pale rose, blue with
spiral lines and pale buff, and some examples decorated with zigzag, wavy
lines incorporated in the glass itself, most of the bottles were of
colorless glass, now exquisitely iridescent from age.
GLASS MADE IN THE FIRST CENTURY, A.D.
The Romans derived their art from Phoenicia and
Egypt. Glass-houses of Sidon and
Alexandria supplied the Eternal City long before the
days of the luxurious emperors. Factories were in operation in 54 B.C.