General Braddock's defeat in July, 1755.
Taken all in all, the Pittsburgh
of to-day is one of the most interesting places on this continent.
The watery forks of our great Y compress the growing city until its
crowded streets are prolonged eastwardly, while in the angles of our
symbol are found the "South Side" of the city proper, the sister city of
Allegheny, and the busy, thriving suburbs. To the latter the careworn
Pittsburgher flees when his daily duties end, glad to escape for the time
the all-pervading soot and smoke. Up the two rivers that are nearing
their end, and down the new-born stream, the hills and vales are covered
with thriving settlements, all integral parts of one busy whole,
and combining to form virtually but a single community of a
quarter of a million souls. Topographically its varied surface is not
its least charm. Mountain and bluff, stream and ravine, have until
recently defied the skill of the engineer and of the street-maker.
That liberality and pluck have
triumphed is evident to any of our readers journeying Pittsburghward,
who will patronize the nerve-trying "inclines" that scale the bold
cliffs of Coal Hill, and view the tripartite valley from the summit.
It is a view that will repay a very long journey. Eye and ear must
long bear witness to the eloquence of the sights and sounds enjoyed,
and it is doubtful whether any equal area in this broad republic would
so forcibly suggest to the stranger what is meant by a busy, energetic,
and wealthy manufacturing city.
Aside from her great industries, Pittsburgh,
as the head of navigation on the Ohio, claims attention, and extends
her influence along the 18,000 miles of navigable streams attainable by
her river steamers. This influence she retains in spite of the rapid
growth of that great destroyer of river trade, the railway. On either
side of the three valleys that radiate from Pittsburgh are found the
omni-present parallel lines of rails, six arms of a great cuttle-fish,
whose body is the