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Hayward Brothers Timeline
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1760  Blackfriars Bridge started.
1777 St. George's Terrace built, a block of three-storey houses on Great Surrey Street (later renamed Blackfriars Road) from Charlotte Street southwards to Surrey Row. Number 23, on the corner, occupied by Thomas Noble (first of an unbroken line of ironmongers stretching 160 years); Over the shop of Antony Walker, at Number 25, a "Furnishing Ironmonger, Brazier and Hardwareman", was a sign of The Dog's Head in the Pot; with Walker's retirement, the sign was purchased by either Noble or his successor and set it up over No. 23.
1783 Surrey Chapel, built for Rowland Hill, finished construction on Great Surrey Street (later renamed Blackfriars Road).
· American independence acknowledged by George the Third.
· Founded by Samuel Hayward (1752-1826); No. 26 Bread Street, off Cheapside.
1787 First wife dies after bearing him 14 children; re-marries "within a short time". Four branches continue: John Pearson (1776-1849) and Samuel (1779-1830) by first marriage, James (1791-1851) and George (1795-1868) by second.
1809 Young Samuel becomes partner in Leathley and Chater; style altered to Leathley, Chater and Hayward.
1811 Edward Lambert Hayward born to younger Samuel and his second wife (the first wife having an early death).
1824 William Hayward born to younger Samuel.
1826 Elder Samuel Hayward, R.I.P.
1830 Younger Samuel Hayward, R.I.P.; his interest in Chater and Hayward (Leathley having retired) retained until Edward was of age.
· Robert Henley appears in business with Browne at 117, Blackfriars Road, and also with Glover at 117, Union Street.
1835 Edward (now 24) comes into his share of Chater and Hayward.
1838 Glover retires, Henley (now trading as R. Henly and Company) takes over.
1841 117/118 Union Street (now 189/191) rebuilt by Henly.
1847 John Hayward, R.I.P.; bequeaths his business in Newgate Street to George.
1848 Leggatt and Hayward founded; Edward ends connection with Chater and Hayward.
· Henly sells business owing to ill-health; Edward and William buy it and found Hayward Brothers ("Late R. Henly & Co.");
· Sheringham's Ventilator.
1851 Great Exhibition.
1852 Edward's patent for "Self-Adjusting Micrometer Lock Spindles, Knobs and Rises".
1855 "Late R. Henly & Co." dropped.
1857 Corner premises at Blackfriars Road abandoned; 117/118 Union Street expanded.
1858 Legatt, Hayward and Leggatt open new gallery in 'Change Alley.
1862 Architectural Exhibition (9, Conduit Street).
1864 79, Cornhill office becomes first official City offices of Hayward Brothers.
1869 Second Mr. Leggatt, R.I.P. (first retired in 1861); style changed to Hayward and Leggatt.
1871 Edward's Patent No. 2014, "Improvements in Pavement Lighting", revolutionising basement lighting.
1873 Cornhill gallery vacated; first floor of No. 77, Gracechurch Street leased as new headquarters.
1875 Adjacent houses to 187/189 Union Street, Nos. 191 and 193 acquired and converted.
· Cheerful Gas Stove, followed by improved Reflector Gas Cooking Stove.
1876 Edward Lambert Hayward, R.I.P.
· William Eckstein (1846-1924) joins Hayward Brothers.
1879 Court case against the Hamiltons patent infringement heard before High Court (judgement with costs entered for Hayward Brothers).
· First gold medal awarded, Brighton Health Congress and Domestic and Scientific Exhibition.
1880 Eckstein taken into partnership; style altered to Hayward Brothers and Eckstein.
1882 City headquarters moved and showrooms moved to 78, Queen Victoria Street, with underground premises lighted by pavement lights.
· Overseas trade starts: Mr. Mark Abrahams appointed to Sydney, Australia.
1883 Second medal earned at the International Health Exhibition, and the highest award at the Fisheries Exhibition.
1888 Annex added to...?
1891 William Hayward retires, the last of the Haywards associated with the company (which was to keep the Haywards name).
· J. A. Willmore (of Cottam and Willmore) enters into partnership with William Eckstein.
1891 Eckstein visits the United States and Canada.
1896 Partnership turned into a limited liability company; incorporated September 9th, and "Limited" added to the style: Hayward Brothers and Eckstein, Ltd. Eckstein was first Chairman with J. A. Willmore and J. Pearson as directors. Eckstein and Willmore become managers, and are joined by a third, D. W. McInnes (elected to the Board later that year).
1897 W. C. Heney appointed agent in Dublin.
· J. R. Niven and Company of Johannesburg appointed agents in Transvaal.
· Seven years' agreement signed with Toronto Radiator Company granting Haywards sole agency for sale in England.
1898 Agencies arranged in Brussels, Antwerp, Nice, Bergen, and in China, Japan and the Argentine.
1899 Total of 33 agencies.
1900 Branch opened at 32, King Street West, Manchester (where only an agency existed before).
· Southwark Foundry Company closed down and converted to fitting shop.
· Offices and showrooms taken at 63, Moseley Street; J. G. Willmore tasked with establishing and running.
1901 Haywards purchases Alliance Ventilating Company.
· G. F. Pittar appointed Works Manager.
1904 G. F. Pittar returns from Manchester to manage pavement light business.
1905 Britten and Gilson (leaded glass) closes; their late manager is engaged to run a newly-formed leaded glass department.
1906 Expansion of Union Street works: new five-storey building erected.
1907 999 years' lease acquired on Nos. 187/189, Union Street.
· Patent rights for Reform puttyless glazing acquired.
· J. G. Willmore made a director.
1911 Heating engineer W. S. P. Killick engaged.
1914 England at War.
· A. F. Benjamin joins up, serving in Salonica; H. T. Walker replaces him on Board.
1916 Haywards brought under Government control.
· William Eckstein, though British by birth, changes name to Extone to avoid anti-German sentiment; withdraws his name from company's title, known afterwards as Haywards Limited.
1918 Union Street premises expanded with purchase of additional land at rear; 80 by 50 foot one-storey factory erected.
1919 Extensions to Union Street (Nos. 195/201) sold, starting decentralisation.
1920 Six acres in Enfield (Middlesex) purchased; construction orders issued for new factory.
1921 Enfield works completed: 160 foot square with four 40 foot bays.
· Orange Street factory (built 1918) sold to Scandinavian Belt Company.
1922 Two houses erected at Enfield for Works Manager residence and local office.
· West End offices in Kingway opened.
1923 Enfield gets resident director, H. T. Walker.
1924 Sash and Casement Departments transferred to Enfield.
· Old foundry shop at Union Street sold.
· William Extone, R.I.P.
· J. A. Willmore (retired in 1901) returns as Chairman.
1925 Enfield continues to grow; 50 foot wide covered walkway added to whole western side of works.
1926 General Strike.
· H. T. Walker appointed Joint Managing Directory with G. F. Pittar, and A. L. Collins elected a director.
· W. F. Coughin joins as technician in the Roofing Department.
1928 A. T. Davies appointed a director.
1930 Building Trades' Exhibition (first Haywards exhibit in many years).
1931 Enfield extended again.
1936 Engineer from War Office surveys Enfield for war production potential.
1938 Another bay added at Enfield; works now 280 feet long with seven 40 foot bays.
1939 Germany invades Poland; Great Britain declares war.
1942 Haywards given contract for Bailey Bridge components; also made parts for Mulberry Harbour installations.
1943 W. F. Coughin appointed director.
1945 Germany surrenders.
· Large contract for thousands of fluorescent lighting reflectors.
1946 Air Ministry returns one of Enfield bays.
1947 D. S. M. Walker, son of H. T. Walker, appointed to Board.
· Diesel engines installed at Enfield to safeguard production against power shortages.
1948 A. L. Collins, Chairman, R.I.P.
· L. C. Winterton (partner in the company's auditing firm for many years) elected Chairman.
1949 Enfield works fully recovered from war effort.
1951 H. T. Walker, R.I.P.
1951 W. F. Coughlin released as Secretary; G. W. Trehane replaces him.
1952 Staff pension plan adopted.
1953 J. G. Willmore, R.I.P.
  Years of Reflection ends here; further history remains to be filled in.
1975 Haywards completely moved to Enfield. No more Southwark presence.
??? What became of Haywards Ltd?