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... Successors to GEO. E. ANDROVETTE & CO. ...

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Geo. E. Androvette & Co
GEO. E. ANDROVETTE & Co
27-29 CLINTON St, CHICAGO
STAINED GLASS WORKS
Architectural Record · 1896 (PDF via USModernist)

Geo. E. Androvette & Co:

  • Advertising said Luminous Prism Co was successors to Geo. E. Androvette & Co, but their existence overlapped. They also had the same Chicago address, and Androvette was listed as a director of Luminous Prism Co.
  • "Androvette George E. ornamental glass, S. Clinton, nw. cor. Jackson, T. 4085" —A. N. Marquis & Co.'s Handy Business Directory of Chicago · 1886-1887
  • "Stained Glass. ANDROVETTE GEO. E. & CO. Clinton sw. corner Quincy" —Chicago City Directory · 1889
  • "Stained Glass Makers. Androvette Geo E 139 E Lake Chi'go" —Directory of Architects · 1890
  • "George E. Androvette & Co. established their leaded glass works on Quincy and Clinton streets. Beveled plate glass, set in lead and copper frame, is one of their specialties." —Industrial Chicago · 1891
  • "The Linden Glass company signed the agreement of the Lead Glaziers' and Glass Cutters' Union yesterday. The Wells Glass company, George E. Androvette, Chicago Art Glass company, H. M. Hooker, Camp Glass company, and H. Sherhart, seven of the largest firms in this city, have also granted the union's demands. The men employed in William Ebert's shop at No. 546 West North avenue were called out and stopped work yesterday morning. The Eugene Glass company at No. 1305 Michigan avenue, which employed fifty men, still refuses to accede to the union's terms." —Chicago Tribune · May 6, 1892
  • "Group 95. Stained Glass in Decoration. 274. Androvette, Geo. E., & Co., Chicago. Decorative glass. Gal. F-13 596. Domestic and ecclesiastical glass workers. Memorial windows, brasses, etc. Beveled plate glass set in a copper frame." —World's Columbian Exposition, 1893: Official Catalogue
  • "GEORGE E. ANDROVETTE & CO. show in their exhibit some portrait work of a high order of merit. Messrs. Androvette & Co. have for some years past devoted special attention to ecclesiastical work, and have brought this art to such perfection that their products are in demand in every part of the country. Their exhibit shows some recent designs in this line that are very creditable. In their treatment of opalescent glass they are particularly skillful. The peculiar brilliancy of that glass admits of the most pleasing treatment in the shading and blending of colors, to produce either floral, pictorial or landscape effects without the aid of painting. The art is thus seen to be practically limitless. It requires only the skill of the artist and the long study such as Messrs. Androvette & Co. have devoted to it to produce the best possible results." —The Inland Architect and News Record · Volume 22, Issue 3, September, 1893

Ads:

Luminous Prism Co ad · 1898 IS your Store or Office Dark?
Luminous Prisms
will change the condition.
They
CARRY DAYLIGHT.
It costs nothing to investigate. Telephone us or send card, and we will survey your premises and submit proposition, guaranteeing results as represented.
Luminous Prism Co.
709 Mohawk Building, 160 5th av.
Telephone—2816 18th st.
The Sun (NY) · April 4, 1898

Luminous Prism Co ad · 1898
Luminous Prisms
WINDOW AND SIDEWALK LENSES FOR LIGHTING DARK

INTERIORS BY
NATURAL LIGHT

TELEPHONE 4664
Luminous Prism Company
27 and 29 Clinton St.
CHICAGO
Handbook for Architects and Builders · 1898

Luminous Prism Co ad · 1900 Luminous Prisms
LIGHT DARK INTERIORS
LUMINOUS PRISM CO.
27-29 South Clinton Street, Chicago.

Inland Architect and News Record · 1900

Notes:

  • "Luminous Prism Company ... 27 South Clinton Street. Patent Lights." —Catalogue of the Seventh Annual Exhibition · Chicago Architectural Sketch Club · 1894
  • "The Luminous Prism Company, of Chicago organized recently with an authorized capital of $1,500,000, has the following board of directors: Clarence L. Peck, George E. Androvette, Parry L. Wright, Alexander H. Revell, Albert R. Barnes, Jonathan W. Brooks, Lewis C. Straight and Ferdinand W. Peck. The Offices of the company are in the Chicago Stock Exchange building, and branch offices have been established in all the leading cities of the country." —Railway and Engineering Review · May 14, 1895
  • "Androvette George E. (George E. Androvette & Co.) 27 S. Clinton, h. Evanston" and "Androvette George E. & Co. (George E. Androvette and Parry L. Wright) glass 27 [and 29] S. Clinton" —Chicago City Directory · 1896 and 1897.
  • "The Luminous Prism Company, organized recently with an authorized capital of $1,500,000, have the following Board of Directors: Clarence I. Peck, George E. Androvette, Parry L. Wright, Alexander H. Revell, Albert R. Barnes, Jonathan W. Brooks, Lewis C. Straight and Ferdinand W. Peck. The offices of the company are located on the sixth floor of the Chicago Stock Exchange Building and the factory is at 27 and 29 South Clinton street, Chicago. They have established offices in New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Indianapolis, St. Louis, Minneapolis, Kansas City and San Francisco. The company are meeting with unusual success in the introduction of their product. known as the luminous prism. which is manufactured under United States letters patent, dated 1891, owned by the company." —Iron Age · May 5, 1898
  • "LUMINOUS PRISMS. Architects and builders, who have been from time to time nonplussed by their inability to obtain sufficient light in buildings, owing to various conditions, such as narrow streets and extreme depth of buildings, and especially in locations where the land value is a matter of great consequence, are requested to give their attention to the system of light production of the Luminous Prism Company, who have very recently opened a New York office at No. 160 5th avenue. The parent office of the company is in Chicago, and among its incorporators are included some of the leading business men of that city. Convinced of the large field for the consumption of their goods, growing out of the necessity for the supplying of more light in the larger buildings of this city, they have established their eastern agency at the above address. Mr. J. F. Blanchard is the resident eastern agent, and he is prepared at all times to submit drawings and estimates to architects and builders for the introduction of their system. The company, in its method, take advantage of the natural laws of the transition of light from one transparent medium to another through the use of refracting prisms, which are made with various angles, by means of which they are able to direct the light on any desired plane. The prisms do not create light, but intensify, concentrate and direct it from one point to another. The company claims many advantages from the use of its system, among them economy and the superiority of natural light, with its healthful properties, over that of electricity or gas. They own their patent rights, and, with their superior facilities for manufacture, are in a position to produce the best results." —Real Estate Record and Builders' Guide · Volume 61, March 26, 1898
  • "THE GREAT EFFECTIVENESS OF LUMINOUS PRISMS. A decidedly good illustration of the results obtainable in using the new luminous prisms, manufactured by the Luminous Prism Company, Chicago Stock Exchange building, is to be seen in the Security building, southeast corner of Madison street and Fifth avenue. The second and third floors of the Security, two of the best floors in the building, and adapted for use by financial institutions or large corporations, have been fitted with luminous prisms. The effect is daylight in every part of the entire floor and every foot of space is now available for office use, a condition which did not prevail before. A great saving in the expense incurred in using electric and gas lights will thus be made. The Luminous Prism Company are prepared to turn out work promptly and efficiently, and a request by telephone or otherwise will bring a competent representative to estimate for the proper lighting of any premises desired." —The Economist · Volume 19, April 30, 1898
  • "THE NEW LIGHT. One of the most marvelous triumphs of applied science is shown by the Luminous Prism Company in successfully lighting by the use of their window prisms the two darkest rooms in the Security building at Madison street and Fifth avenue. The construction of the Elevated Loop line station building and platform on Fifth avenue cut off the light almost entirely from the second and third floors, causing the tenants to vacate them on account of their somber condition. Now all this is changed, and by means of Luminous Prisms, set in wrought-iron frames outside of the windows, a most brilliant illumination is obtained, doing away entirely with artificial light during business hours. The light delivered is of a beautiful clear white color and great intensity, but it is so evenly distributed throughout the entire interior that there is no glare or strain on the eyes. This is a notable example of the application of old and well-known principles to practical uses, and the cost of installation is brought down to a point where it is no longer a luxury enjoyed by the few, but is now within the reach of everyone who desires more light. A visit to the Security building, or to the Luminous Prism Company's offices, 601-608 New Stock Exchange building, will well repay the trouble." —The Economist · Volume 19, May 7, 1898
  • "WHAT LUMINOUS PRISMS DO—AND HOW THEY DO IT. Luminous prisms carry daylight into dark areas, thus at once doing away with artificial light during business hours, which alone effects an economy that in a short time offsets the original cost. In a word, Luminous Prisms save health and money and increase comfort and rentals. This splendid result is obtainable through the use of the natural law of refraction, as the Luminous refracting prisms are made with various angles by means of which light is directed on any desired plane. Any inquiry directed to the main office of the Luminous Prism Company, 601-608 Stock Exchange building, will receive prompt attention." —The Economist · Volume 19, May 14, 1898
  • "MARVELOUS EFFECTS OF LUMINOUS PRISMS. The comparative merits of daylight as against artificial light are practically illustrated by the remarks of various parties for whom these prisms have been placed. H. C. Metcalf, of the Metcalf Stationery Company, 86 Wabash avenue, says: We find it saves us practically all the gas we formerly used on the sixth floor, and over one-half on the first floor, besides which the daylight enables us to judge of tints and colors of stock and ink, as we were unable to do before, and the effect upon the eyes of our work people is no longer trying as formerly. Cameron, Amberg & Co., 71 and 73 Lake street, say: Natural light being the most desirable in a printing room, it pleases us very much to know that we can cut off nearly half of our artificial light. This insures better work, and saves considerable in the light bill, both important items with us. Important installations of Luminous Prisms are now being made in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Indianapolis and other cities." —The Economist · Volume 19, May 21, 1898
  • "NEW METHODS OF LIGHTING DARK INTERIORS. A notable illustration of the value of the new methods of lighting dark interiors is shown in the two stores occupied by Harry Berger & Co., 154 and 150 Dearborn street, which have recently been installed with luminous prisms by the Luminous Prism Company, 601-608 Chicago Stock Exchange building. It will be apparent to a casual observer that the principles involved in the luminous prisms have superior lighting qualities to any other prism glass. It will be seen that the light is beautifully and evenly distributed over the entire room, and that during daylight hours the need for artificial light is obviated. It should be considered that the rental value of any store of this character would be largely enhanced by this superior method of lighting, and that the textile goods intended to be shown in this store will show their shades and colors exactly as they are. This is not the case with artificial lighting." —The Economist · Volume 19, June 11, 1898
  • "Daylight vs. Darkness. A new window or window shade has been placed in the front of the Thorn-Halliwell Cement Company, No. 107 East Tenth street, and it attracts much attention. It is a window made of refracting prisms by the Luminous Prism Company, of Chicago. These prisms represent the highest science of light. Advantage Is taken of the natural law of refraction and by an ingenious arrangement of angles in the surface of the glass the light is thrown to various parts of the room, changing the dark corners to light ones. The advantage of daylight over any other kind of light is known to everyone. It is the cheapest, the best, the healthiest. Luminous prisms have solved the problem of lighting dark offices and basements. The effect is almost startling when the darkness changes to light as the prism shutters are opened or closed. Those who are interested in solving the light or dark question can obtain information at No. 107 East Tenth street, where visitors are welcomed." —Kansas City Journal · June 15, 1898
  • "Luminous Prisms. To be conducted into a dungeon like cellar, grope about in the dark, and suddenly to find it illuminated, not by gas or electricity, but by pure rays of light reflected from the sky, seems somewhat astonishing, yet this is what a representative of The Insurance Press experienced when be visited the exhibit of the Luminous Prism Company, 604 Broadway. The effect was not produced by the opening of a shutter but by the simple pulling of a cord and suspension at an angle of the modern reflector—a combination of brilliant squares of light.
    These prisms are coming into more general use every day. Fire insurance companies will be interested to learn that the reflector is composed of squares of glass with the double prisms on the surface, which can be replaced separately at very small cost." —The Insurance Press · June 22, 1898
  • "IMPORTANT TO OWNERS AND TENANTS. The attention of owners and tenants is called to the new methodsof illuminating dark interiors as shown in the stores occupied by Morrisson, Plummer & Co., 200 Randolph street, Cameron, Amberg & Co, 73 Lake street, and Bullard & Gormley Co., 78 Randolph street, which have been recently installed with luminous prisms by the Luminous Prism Company, 601-608 Chicago Stock Exchange building. The luminous prisms have had the effect of transforming the formerly dark interiors of these stores into light and commodious quarters. The light is evenly distributed over the entire space, and during the daylight hours the need for artificial light is obviated. Owners will both greatly enhance the rental value of their property and decrease the cost of lighting by the use of luminous prisms." —The Economist · July 23, 1898
  • "Light in the Darkness. Luminous prisms are in demand. Owners of old buildings and architects of new ones are realizing the fact that a ray of light cast upon the luminous prisms down an air shaft or basement however deep will turn a dungeon-like room or cellar into a delightful sunlit apartment. This is no exaggeration. Luminous prisms save gas and electric light. The Manhattan State Hospital, Christ Hospital in New Jersey, and the Ellis Island Hospital are to be fitted with luminous prisms. Scientific medical men recognize the necessity of light for the patients of the hospitals. Light is life and health, and luminous prisms will give it as well as increase the value of property and reduce the gas bills." —The Insurance Press · September 28, 1898
  • "Luminous Prisms. The Bank of Montreal and the offices of Mr. James Brown Potter have lately been fitted up with prisms—luminous prisms.
    A representative of THE INSURANCE PRESS called at Mr. Potter's office to examine the prisms and learn by ocular demonstration the modus operandi by which these prisms gather the sunlight to reflect it into rooms and comers hitherto dark and dismal.
    Mr. Potter was evidently well pleased with the effect of the prisms, and proved to our representative that when the prisms were not in evidence at the windows his offices are dark enough to render gas or electric light a necessity. When the prisms are in place, however, the change is marvelous. Neither gas nor electricity is necessary; instead, a flood of beautiful sunlight pours in and makes every corner bright as day. There are no dazzling rays, but a soft white light, exceedingly pleasant in its effect.
    There, said Mr. Potter, You see the effect betwixt prisms and no prisms. They make a great improvement here, as you can judge for yourself. Now, go and examine those in the Bank of Montreal on the ground floor.
    This our representative did, and found the effect even greater, on account of the larger number of prisms.
    These luminous prisms can be utilized with wonderful effect in the lighting up of basements, cellars and rooms, where the direct rays of the sun cannot penetrate. By their use property can be greatly increased in value apart from the consideration of health, comfort and economy." —The Insurance Press · October 26, 1898
  • "Gee Allison W. mngr. Luminous Prism Co. 102 Superior, r. 166 Huron" —Cleveland City Directory · 1899
  • "The Lindeke Land Company's building on Robert st. will have a full sidewalk equipment of Luminous Prism Company's glass, and will secure by their aid sufficient daylight in the basement to read a newspaper 100 feet back. They are also to have the Luminous Company's high grade prism glass in the show window transoms. Herman Kretz & Co., architects." —Improvement Bulletin · Volume 20, September 23, 1899
  • "Luminous Prism Co ... [Incorporated in state of] West Virginia ... [Date when certificate of authority was issued] August 2, 1899" —List of foreign corporations who have authority to do business in the state of New York, 1901
  • "LUMINOUS PRISM COMPANY—Incorporated under the laws of Illinois, in 1898, to manufacture prisms of all kinds. Capital authorized, $1,500,000. Par, $100. Officers and Directors: F. W. Peck, President; P. L. Wright, Treasurer; L. C. Straight, Secretary; C. I. Peck, G. E. Androvette, J. W. Brooke, A. R. Barnes, A. H. Revell. Office, 604 Broadway, New York." —Moody's Manual of Industrial and Miscellaneous Securities · 1900
  • "Luminous Prism Co., 520 Olive" —Gould's Commercial Register (business Directory) of the City of St. Louis · 1900
  • "Luminous Prism Co, 27-29 Clinton st", "Females over 16 years: 1", "Males over 16 years: 28" —Annual Report, Illinois. Dept. of Factory Inspection · 1900
  • "The contract for the art for Emmaus Lutheran church was let to the Luminous Prism Company, of Chicago, their bid being $900." —The Fort Wayne Evening Sentinel · March 1, 1900
  • "Luminous Prism Co, 730 Chestnut" —Boyd's Co-partnership and Residence Business Directory of Philadelphia City · 1900
  • "George M. Webster and Thomas J. Parkes have registered as partners under the style of The Luminous Prism Co., Montreal." —Canadian Hardware and Metal Merchant · Vol. XXI, No. 1, January 6, 1900
  • "Luxfer Company Making Luminous Prisms. The Luminous Prisms formerly manufactured for purposes of interior lighting by the Luminous Prism Company are now the property of the Luxfer Prism Company, whose Luxfer Prisms and their application to school-room lighting were described in the last School Board Number of The School Journal. With the Luminous Prisms goes the very interesting little pamphlet Natural Light for School-Rooms. This ought to be in the hands of every student of school hygiene. The subject is one of fundamental importance."The School Journal · Volume 62, January 5, 1901
  • "Luminous Prism Co. (dissolved) 473 W. B'way" —Trow's Copartnership and Corporation Directory of New York City · 1901

New mentions:

  • "Meyer J. Sturm (1872-1954) was a nationally renowned specialist in hospital design and expert in the latest technologies for institutional buildings. He received a B.S. in Architecture from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1896. In Chicago he worked as a draftsman and superintendent for various architects, then as chief engineer for the Luminous Prism Co. from 1898 to 1900. From 1900 to 1902 he was in partnership with Lawrence Gustav Hallberg, an architect of Swedish descent who later designed Augustana Hospital in consultation with Sturm." LANDMARK DESIGNATION REPORT · North Chicago Hospital Building · 2009 (PDF)
  • Union Station (1001 Broadway, Nashville, TN): "The Luminous Prism Company, Chicago, Illinois, furnished and placed all the art glass in the dome, transom, and windows from special and appropriate color and design. The designer is not specified." —Historical American Buildings Survey · 2011 (NPS PDF)
  • "From 1995 to 2002, the county spent $8.6 million, most of it from private donors, restoring the Allen County Courthouse — among other things, removing the damage inept artists had done to the murals far above the floor. ... In all, it will cost about $350,000 to make the repairs to the murals, created by Charles Holloway, who had won a gold medal in the Chicago World's Columbian Exposition, and to the windows, created by Luminous Prism Co., a direct competitor of Louis Comfort Tiffany." —The Journal Gazette · 2017

Paper:

  • Luminous prisms: how and where they have served others and how they will serve you. (CMOG)
  • Geo. E. Androvette & Co., 27-29 So. Clinton St., Chicago, Ill: Ecclesiastical Glass Designers & Makers of Memorial Windows, Either in Opalescent Glass Effects Or in the European Methods of Glass Painting (Google Books)

Stained Glass and Glass Mosaics:

Luminous Prism Co ad · 1899
LUMINOUS PRISM COMPANY
SUCCESSORS TO
Geo. E. Androvette & Co.,
DESIGNERS AND MAKERS OF
CHURCH
GLASS
GLASS
MOSAICS
MEMORIAL AND FIGURE WINDOWS.
MEMORIAL
BRASSES
SEND FOR PHOTOGRAPHS
SHOWING WORK IN PLACE.
27 and 29 South Clinton Street, CHICAGO, ILL.

Living Church Quarterly · December 1, 1899

Luminous Prism Co ad · March, 1900
STAINED GLASS
FOR DWELLINGS AND
CHURCHES.

The Best Work at Lowest Prices.

LUMINOUS PRISM CO.
Successors to
GEO. E. ANDROVETTE & CO.
27-29 SO. CLINTON STREET,
CHICAGO.

Inland Architect and News Record · 1900
  • See stained glass examples at the Michigan Stained Glass Census
    St. John the Evangelist stained glass window, First Congregational Church, 1895
    St. John the Evangelist
    First Congregational Church
    Olivet, Michigan · 1895
    Photo: Michigan Stained Glass Census
  • First Congregational Church, Olivet, Michigan
  • Central Congregational Church, Galesburg, Illinois
    • "There are 75 stained glass windows ranging in size from 3 square feet to 1,080 square feet. They were made by the Luminous Prism Co. of Chicago, successor to the Geo. Androvette Co. The largest, of 1,080 square feet, fills the north wall of the auditorium. There are three sections with painted glass centers of lilies, grapes, palm fronds and passion-flowers. At or near the top the window are, from left to right, a dove, a crown and a sheaf of grain. The remainder of the window is comprised of small panes of varied colors and shapes. Also included in strategic locations are red and yellow jewels." —Construction of the Central Congregational Church Building
    • "Built in 1898 of Michigan red sandstone in the Richardson Romanesque style, Central Congregational Church, located one block north of Standish Park, was placed on the National Register on Sept. 30, 1976. The church covers nearly a quarter of the block and its bell tower rises to 137 feet. It has 75 stained glass windows ranging in size from 3 square feet to 1,080 square feet, made by the Luminous Prism Co. of Chicago. The largest window has three sections and fills the north wall of the auditorium." —The Construction of Central Congregational Church (archive.org)
  • St. Peter's Episcopal Church, Rome, GA
    • The Guardian Angel Window / Located in the Church / Given in 1898 by Mr. W. A. Knowles, in memory of Mrs. May H. Knowles / Made by Luminous Prism Co., Chicago, IL at a cost of $225 / Twice partially destroyed by storms / Present window made entirely new in 1910
    • The Perkins Window / Located in the Church / Given in 1898 by Mrs. John N. Perkins family / Made by Luminous Prism Co., Chicago, IL at a cost of $52 / Inscriptions on windows - John N. Perkins & Mary E. Perkins
    • The Resurrection Window / Located in the Church / Given in 1898 by the congregation and others in memory of Rev. W. C. Williams, D.D. / Made by Luminous Prism Co., Chicago, IL at a cost of $52
    • The Underwood Window / Located in the Church / Given in 1899 by Mrs. M. A. Nevin and sisters / Made by Luminous Prism Co., Chicago, IL at a cost of $65 / Inscriptions on windows - John W. H. Underwood, Mary W. Underwood, William H. Underwood
    • Windows by Geo. E. Androvette:
    • Other windows are mostly by:
      • Lyn Hovey Studio, Inc., Boston, MA; also Quaker City Stained Glass Co., Philadelphia, PA, Empire Art Glass Co., Atlanta, GA, H. M. Hooker Co., Chicago, IL, Agnew Myers Studio, Menlo, Georgia, Otto Jungk

MOSAICS.

OBSERVERS, Says Mr. George E. Androvette, have frequently remarked the vast amount of colored glass used during the past ten years. Starting with the Queen Anne period of architecture, with its little panes of primitive colors inharmoniously arranged, and progressing through various stages of leaded glass to the last four years, during which have appeared the most startling combinations of colored glass, beveled plate glass and jewels arranged to catch the fancy of the uneducated eye. This kind of work has been used with the most indiscriminate profusion, often regardless of cost or propriety. In fact, the artistic sense is rarely gratified by seeing a piece of glasswork accomplishing the purpose for which it should be used. The demand for this doubtful sort of decoration has caused what should be an art industry simply to become a mechanical pursuit. It is hardly known and little appreciated, however, that it requires as full a knowledge of correct drawing and composition and a finer sense of color to produce successful glasswork than in decorative painting. Recently, it has appeared that the fear of the abuse of color has caused many architects and buyers to eschew colored glass, and to use various forms of crystal glass, and also beveled plate in ornamental shapes. The first answers fairly well in some positions; the last is a doubtful resource from an artistic standpoint. Here we wish to urge that color only, colors harmoniously blended and adapted to their surroundings, must be used to fill certain places in a house to give the true decorative value to glass. That colors have been so used cannot be gainsaid; but such work must be made by those who have gained the knowledge by years of experience, and who possess the love of the artist for his work. Until the artist's remuneration is commensurate with his success as a decorator in the true sense, rather than a measure of the cost of materials and labor used, we will still have the same state of things as before.

The Inland Architect and News Record · Vol. XX, No. 6, page 68, 1887

GLASS-WORKING AS AN ART.

BY GEORGE E. ANDROVETTE.

THE art of working in stained glass is one for which a renaissance is claimed for the present century. It must be confessed that, with the increased variety of sheet glass now at the command of the artist, the possibilities are greater in pure mosaic work.
DECORATIVE WINDOW — A ROMAN CHARIOT RACE
DECORATIVE WINDOW — A ROMAN CHARIOT RACE
The exhibit of GEORGE E. ANDROVETTE & Co., Chicago,
at the World's Columbian Exposition
The Inland Architect and News Record · 1893
The earliest glasswork were pure mosaics. From these the progress of glass painting may be traced through a history of slow development to a culmination of great splendor in the fifteenth century. From this there was a decline, owing to the mistaken attempts to assimilate this art to other branches of painting. All this goes to prove glass-working to be an applied art, and too evident attempts at realism must surely result in a deterioration of the art as a mosaic, and it is only as a mosaic that any promises of a renaissance in America is in evidence. It is principally through the discovery and adaptation of the opalescent and shaded glass, by Mr. La Farge, that great possibilities have been opened to the artist in this method of work. The greatest obstacle, however, at present is the excessive use by the American public of a low grade of ornamental glass-work. This demand has induced a large number of persons, having no knowledge of art, to enter into the manufacture with the inevitable result of a lively competition to produce cheap work, and, consequently, lower the standard from an art to that of a mechanical process. This, necessarily, precludes the employment of the best artists, who find remunerative exercise for their talents in other arts.
As the art of glass-working has been the least written about, and is the least known of all decorative arts to the general public, it would seem that the proper method to elevate the art would be to educate the people as to what is proper and correct in this branch, as has been done in painting, tapestries, and other forms of decoration. This can best be done by viewing examples of good work done under the various processes. Much also can be done by making glasswork more of a subject of description, as is done in other branches.
It is true that there are but few competent writers on the subject, as both the technical knowledge and descriptive ability are demanded. It is believed, however, that as the modern newspaper caters to the demand of the public for information and criticisms on literary, dramatic and art work, descriptions and criticisms on glasswork would be acceptable.
Without making this an encyclopedic article, a few ideas are here outlined : Believing, first, that the mosaic glass composed of small pieces of various colors and shades inherent in the glass so selected, arranged and joined together as to form a complete picture is a true treatment of glass, yet it is admitted that many parts demand the use of the brush, such as the illustrating of the flesh and draperies of figures, architectural accessories, etc. A combination of the European system of glass painting in the composition of the picture demanded can be well framed in ornamental accessories in the mosaic style.
To those, however, who demand the realism of a mural painting, a subject may be wholly painted. There are two ways of doing this : First, to paint on clear glass, using enamel colors of various tints. (This is what was done in the decadence of the old glass painting.) Second, to first select the colors of glass needed to emphasize the various parts of the work. Then to paint them by applying one color uniformly and afterward removing this color by degrees so as to develop the high lights and exposing the natural colors of the glass, thus producing lights and shades to any desired degree. This last seems the true method of glass painting, and best develops the colors inherent in the glass itself.

The Inland Architect and News Record · Vol. XX, No. 6, page 16, 1887

THE ANDROVETTE ART GLASS COMPANY.

The art stained and ornamental glass interests of the United States have developed to enormous proportions within the last quarter of a century and constitute at the present time one of the leading departments of industrial and commercial activity in this country. The transactions in these products in Indianapolis and the surrounding sections in the course of a year are of great importance and value to the trade and commerce of the city, and there are represented here several notable concerns engaged in this artistic industry. Prominent among such stands the Androvette Glass Company of Chicago, manufacturers on a most extensive scale of art stained ornamental glass for churches, dwellings, or public buildings, making a specialty of copper frames. The state representative hereof this vast and reliable concern is Mr. Edward Schurmann, who occupies an elegantly furnished suite of offices in the Odd Fellows' Building. Mr. Schurmann established himself in this line of business in Indianapolis about the year 1872. He first represented in this city the Chicago Art Glass Company, then the Wells Art Glass Company and finally allied himself to the Androvette Company, which he now so efficiently represents. He does a large business handling the unrivaled products of his house. For originality, beauty and variety of designs, excellence of material and thoroughly artistic productions in stained glass, or for promptness and reliability in executing orders, none in the line indicated sustain a better reputation than the Androvette Company. This concern is certainly a foremost exponent of this branch of art in the west, turning out a distinctly superior class of work, and having a large and growing patronage extending throughout the United States. The facilities of the company are first-class in all respects, and their establishment is the largest and best equipped in this section of the country. Through Mr. Schurmann this house furnished all the art glass for many of the prominent churches and public buildings here, and the private residences of our wealthiest and most influential citizens. Mr. Schurmann has on display at his office samples of all kinds of glass doors and other art productions in most beautiful and unique designs, which he will set as desired in copper, gold, silver, brass or any other metal indicated. Special designs are made to order, embodying every wish of patrons, which will be guaranteed as exclusive, if so required, and will not be duplicated unless by permission. He is prepared to furnish designs and estimates for anything in his line and guarantee the utmost satisfaction. The prices charged are of the most reasonable character and all work coming through Mr. Schurmann is sure to be executed in the highest style of art He is a native of Indianapolis and one of our prominent and most esteemed citizens. He is a gentleman of ripe experience and judgment in his line, and has spent several years in Europe studying the business among the leading art glass manufacturing centres there. He enjoys a large and influential patronage, and is most eminently deserving of his great prosperity."

Indianapolis Illustrated · 1893

Legal:

Suit was brought in the Superior Court at Chicago on the 18th inst. by the American Luxfer Prism Company against the Luminous Prism Company for an injunction to restrain it and its officers from alleged fraudulent business methods in the manufacture and sale of prismatic window glass. The officers of the Luminous Prism Company, Fred. W. Peck, president; George E. Androvette, vice-president; Lewis G. Straight, secretary; Parry L. Wright, treasurer, with Jonathan W. Brooks and Alexander H. Revell, directors, are made co-defendants in the suit. The plaintiff alleges that the defendant company is carrying on its business by a wrongful infringement upon the name and trade mark of the American Luxfer Prism Company and is deceiving the public into the belief that its window glass is the same as that manufactured by the plaintiff. It is further alleged that for this purpose the Luminous Prism Company has taken offices in the same building with the plaintiff. The court is asked to enjoin the use of the words "Luminous Prisms" and the name of "Luminous Prism Company."

Paint, Oil and Chemical Review · Volume 26, No 1, July 6, 1898

LUMINOUS PRISM COMPANY.

It Promises Protection to Its Customers in Infringement Suits.

Referring to an article in last week's issue regarding the Luxfer prism, the Luminous Prism Company positively state that the patents under which the company is operating do not infringe any patents, and that the company will absolutely protect its customers in every way. They claim that the diffusion of light by using the corrugated prism based on their patent of 1891 is considerably greater than that of any other prism in the market. The Luminous company also state that they have been instrumental in materially reducing the price of prisms, and placed them in the reach of all who wish to enjoy the benefits that come with daylight in dark rooms, stores or offices. It is probable that a more comprehensive statement upon the subject will be made in an early future issue of this paper. The Luminous company certainly has strong men behind it, who enjoy the confidence of the community.

The Economist · Volume 20, August 20, 1898

A STATEMENT BY THE LUMINOUS PRISM COMPANY.

In view of certain statements recently made by a competitive company, concerning its patents, the Luminous Prism Company informs the public that its patents of 1891 antedate all other patents now used in the manufacture of prism glass.

A number of the most eminent patent law firms of the country have rendered opinions that the patents under which the Luminous company is operating do not and cannot in any way infringe upon any other patents.

The Luminous company certainly has strong men behind it, who enjoy the confidence of the community, and who will absolutely protect its customers in every way against claims for infringements.

The Luminous prism is declared by experts to be the best prism in the market, the refraction and diffusion of light by reason of its corrugated prism patent, No. 458850, dated September 1, 1891, being 25 per cent greater than any other.

The Luminous Prism Company has endeavored to pursue a "live and let live" policy, and to that company should be given the credit of materially reducing the price of prisms, thereby placing them within reach of all who wish to enjoy the benefits of daylight in dark rooms, stores and offices. Prior to the appearance of this company such benefits were almost prohibited by a practical monopoly.

Among the large number of installations already made, the following names will show that there are many who refuse to be intimidated in the exercise of their vested rights, and who encourage competition, enterprise and advancement:

  • Security Deposit Company, Madison street and Fifth avenue.
  • Potter Palmer, for Baptist Publication Society, 177 Wabash avenue, Chicago.
  • Cameron, Amberg & Co., 71 and 73 Lake street, Chicago.
  • C. Seipp Brewing Company, Twenty-seventh street and Illinois Central Railroad, Chicago.
  • Laflin & Rand Powder Company, 42 Dearborn street, Chicago.
  • Morrisson, Plummer & Co., 200 to 206 Randolph street, Chicago.
  • Rialto building, Van Buren street and Pacific avenue, Chicago.
  • Harry Berger & Co., 154 and 156 Dearborn street, Chicago.
  • Eckhart & Swan, 207 and 209 East Madison street, Chicago.
  • Metcalf Stationery Company, 86 Wabash avenue, Chicago.
  • Lanz, Owen & Co., 183 to 189 Lake street, Chicago.
  • Garrett Biblical Institute, 234 East Lake street, Chicago.
  • A. H. Revell & Co., Wabash avenue and Adams street, Chicago.
  • 4731 Calumet avenue, Chicago (fiat building).
  • E. J. Alfeld, 201 Rush street, Chicago.
  • Chicago Stock Exchange building, Washington and La Salle streets, Chicago.
  • C. McClennen, 3822 Ellis avenue (flat building), Chicago.
  • L. B. Schaefer, 1047 North Clark street, Chicago.
  • J. M. Studebaker, South Bend, Ind. American Baptist Publication Society, St. Louis, Mo.
  • Smith-Premier Typewriter Company, 337 Broadway, New York.
  • Rhinelander Estate, 604 Broadway, New York.
  • George Bickelhoupt, 234 West Forty-seventh street, New York.
  • Richards Bennetts, 133 William street, New York.
  • Glascoe & Co., 52 West Thirty-ninth street, New York.
  • Eaton & Mains, Fifth avenue and Twentieth street, New York.
  • Best & Co., New York.
  • German Fire Insurance Company of Indiana, Indianapolis, Ind.
  • New Bedford Institution for Savings, New Bedford, Mass.
  • W. A. Giles, 298 and 300 Wabash avenue, Chicago.
  • Northwestern University Dental School, Madison and Franklin streets, Chicago.
  • Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railway Company's general office building.
  • E. B. Quinlan, 218 Washington street, Chicago.
  • Jacob Franks, 128 and 130 Franklin street, Chicago.
  • J. M. Williams, Fifth avenue and Madison street, Chicago.
  • R. W. Patton, apartment building, Chicago.
  • J. B. Hobbs, 97 Washington street, Chicago.
  • Hartford building, Dearborn and Madison streets, Chicago.
  • Mead & Coe, 100 Washington street, Chicago.
  • Estate L. C. P. Freer, 78 and 80 Randolph street, Chicago.
  • Royal Insurance building, La Salle and Jackson streets, Chicago.
  • M. L. Barrett, 219 Lake street, Chicago.
  • Francis Bartlett, Bay State building, 74 State street, Chicago.
  • Estate Hugh T. Dickey, 84 and 86 Dearborn street, Chicago.
  • L. Schlesinger, factory, Rees street, Chicago.
  • Thomas A. Lyon, Lyon, Gary & Co., Chicago.
  • First National Bank, Cleveland, Ohio.
  • J. Spalding & Co., Detroit, Mich.
  • Charles L. Smith & Sons, Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • New York Telephone Company, New York.
  • Bank of Montreal, New York.
  • National Exchange Bank, Albany, N. Y.
  • Bank of Syracuse, Syracuse, N. Y.
  • Ladies' Home Journal, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • William Mann & Co , Philadelphia, Pa.
  • J. B. Stetson & Co., Philadelphia, Pa.
The Economist · Volume 20, August 27, 1898