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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
THEODORE SHARTS, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
3 of 5
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 378,558, dated February 28, 1888.
Application filed July 27, 1887. Serial No. 245,400. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, THEODORE SHARTS, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city, county, and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Illuminating-Tiles for Sidewalks, Areas, Roofs, Stoops, &c., of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to the cross-bars or bearing-beams upon which rest the tiles or gratings at their junctions with each other, the object being to utilize the blank space of the tiles or gratings which usually overlies the top surface of the bearing-beams upon winch they rest at their junctions with each other, which, as at present constructed, prevents the transmission of any light into the apartment underneath wherever such blank spaces occur.
In the drawings that serve to illustrate my invention, Figure 1 is a top view of two sections of illuminating tiles or gratings resting at their junctions upon my improved bearing-bar. Fig. 2 is a top view of my improved bearing-bar. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal vertical section of tiles and bearing-bar, taken on the line x x of Fig. 1.
Similar letters indicate corresponding parts.
The letter A designates the illuminating tiles or gratings; B, the openings or light-holes through the gratings, upon or into which are set glass lenses for the transmission of light into the apartments underneath; C, my unproved bearing-beam; D, the top bearing-surface of my improved bearing-beam; a, the line of junction of the tiles or gratings; c, the beveled edge of the upper portion of the bearing-beam immediately under the light-holes, forming almost a feather edge at the top line of the bearing-beam; d, the strengthening-brackets under the top bearings of the bearing-beams.
Heretofore illuminating tiles or gratings have been constructed with the edges or sides perfectly straight, the surface of the tile near the edge forming a blank space where it rests on the bearing-beam underneath. The top of bearing-beam, usually two to three inches wide, forms a solid bearing for the tiles above at their junction with each other. Any light-openings along this blank space would be ineffective as to the transmission of light into the apartments below, owing to the obstruction of the bearing-beam.
Some manufacturers have made half-openings
along the edge of the tiles, which, when placed together, form whole
openings where they rest upon the bearing-beams, and have inserted in
or on these openings glass lenses solely for the purpose of making a
uniform appearance on the top surface of the tiles. These lenses so
inserted are merely "dead-eyes," and serve only the purpose above
mentioned. To utilize this blank space and allow the insertion of
glass lenses along the juncture of the tiles, so that the light can
penetrate into the apartments below, I construct a bearing-beam which
has its top part cut away and beveled on each side immediately under
the light-openings of the tiles. The top sides of the bearing-beam
under the light-openings, being beveled to almost a feather edge,
present but a slight obstruction, scarcely perceptible, to the
transmission of light. The top surfaces of the bearing-beam not
immediately under the light-openings retain their original shape.
These solid spaces, actually forming the bearings for the tiles above,
are strengthened by brackets cast under their upper surfaces, or in
any other suitable manner. It will be readily understood that by
utilizing the blank space at the junction of the tiles by the formation
of light-openings in the tiles and the insertion of glass lenses it
will add greatly to the volume of light passing to the apartments
below. This desideratum is effectually accomplished by the use
of my improved bearing-beam.|
Cases frequently occur where it is requisite to use extra bearing-beams at intermediate points under the tiles. My improved bearing-beam, offering little or no obstruction to the light, can be placed wherever it is found necessary.
My improved bearing-beam or cross-bar is equally applicable for any kind of illuminating-tiles, vault-lights, floor-lights, roof-lights, &c., and for either "concrete" or "knob" tiles.
I do not claim, broadly, the construction of tiles or gratings having half light-openings along their edges, which form whole light-openings when in junction with each other.
The principal points of my invention are the bearing-beam C, with its beveled edges c under the light-openings B, and its top bearing-surfaces, D, with its strengthening-brackets d.