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St. Pancras Iron Work Co.
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Names and Locations:

St Pancras Iron Works Trade Mark: Ever Firm

St Pancras Iron Works Trade Mark: Ever Firm
  • "St. Pancras Ironwork Company"
  • "St. Pancras Iron Work Company, Ltd"
  • "St. Pancras Iron-Work Company"
  • "St. Pancras Ironworks Company"
  • Telegraph: "Equitation, London"
  • Telephone: 519 King's Cross
  • 171, St. Pancras Road, London N.W.
  • "Old St. Pancras Road, opposite Old St. Pancras Church, London N.W."
  • "York Road, Kings Cross, London N."
  • "Enquities answered at West End Agency: MARTINGALE'S, 158, PICADILLY, W."


"Notice is hereby given, in pursuance of section 195 of the Companies (Consolidation) Act, 1908, that a General Meeting of the Members of the above named Company will be held at the offices of Messrs. Viney, Price and Goodyear, 99 Cheapside, in the city of London, on Thursday, the 20th day of January, 1916, at 12 o'clock noon, for the purpose of having an account laid before them, showing the manner in which the winding-up has been conducted and the property of the Company disposed of, and of hearing any explanation that may be given by the Liquidator.—Dated the 9th day of December, 1915.
ED. E. PRICE, Liquidator. —The London Gazette, 14 December, 1915


Henry Bessemer is the famous founder of the St. Pancras Iron Works. He was a prolific inventor and held at least 129 patents, spanning from 1838 to 1883. He's best known for his Bessemer process of steel production, which made steel easier, quicker and cheaper to manufacture, revolutionizing structural engineering. Funding for the development of this process came from a previous successful invention, a mechanical method of producing bronze powder (used in gold paint), which previously had been hand-made in Germany at great expense. Bessemer set up his powder works at Baxter House, his home in St Pancras, and eventually established the St Pancras Ironworks behind that house, where he developed his steelmaking process.

Henry Bessemer · 1890s Bessemer converter, Kelham Island Museum, Sheffield, England · 2010 A hspace=10 Bessemer converter in operation Bessemer furnace in operation in Youngstown, Ohio · 1941
Henry Bessemer · 1890s
Getty Images/Wikipedia
Bessemer converter
Kelham Island Museum,
Sheffield, England · 2010
A Bessemer converter in operation
McKeesport, PA · 1900-1915?
Library of Congress
Converter in operation
Youngstown, OH · 1941
Library of Congress

BESSEMER, SIR HENRY (1813-1898), engineer and inventor; engaged at Charlton in his father's business as manufacturer of gold chains and type-founder; came to London, 1830, and traded in art work in white metal; invented perforated die for impressing date on stamps affixed to deeds, 1833, and soon afterwards produced plumbago pencils; invented type-composing machine c. 1838; engaged in manufacture of bronze powder and gold paint by an original process, 1840; made experiments with view to obtaining stronger material for gun manufacture than that in use; patented combination of cast iron and steel, 1853, and in the same and following years obtained patents for the manufacture of steel by new process from melted pig-iron through which air under pressure or steam was blown with object of abstracting carbon; described process in paper read at Cheltenham meeting of British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1856; established, 1859, steel works at Sheffield, where he made a specialty of gun-making, and subsequently was extensively occupied in manufacture of steel rails; invented swinging saloon for sea-going vessels, which tried with small success, 1875; received Albert gold medal from Society of Arts, 1872; one of founders, 1868, and president, 1871-3, of Iron and Steel Institute; M.I.O.E., 1877; F.R.S., 1879; knighted, 1879. The Bessemer steel manufacture was introduced into the United States and developed by Alexander L. Holley (1867-70), and at present it is probably equal to that of the rest of the world collectively.
Dictionary of National Biography · Vol. 22 · 1921-1922


  • "Pavement lights of every description: The St. Pancras Ironworks Company, London.—Smith and Smith (Limited), agents for New Zealand" —1905 Otago Daily Times · Papers Past · National Library of New Zealand
  • "298 834 [grid reference] Approximate site of St. Pancras ironworks where Sir Henry Bessemer made bronze powder and later produced the first steel in quantity. Here was the pilot plant for the Bessemer Process. Bessemer came to what was then "Baxter House" before 23.9.1841 and established his works behind the house. The site was cleared about 1870 for Midland Railway coal drops." —Greater London Industrial Archaeology Society
  • "An outcome of the recent massive clearance of brickwork is that the ground at the site of Henry Bessemer's Baxter House where the first Bessemer steel was made is now clear and some subterranean archaeology might just survive. Baxter House which became St. Pancras Ironworks was on the east side of Pancras Road just south of the churchyard." —Bob Carr, GLIAS
  • 1884 · Awards at the Amsterdam International Agricultural Exhibition —The British Trade Journal and Export World
    • "St. Pancras Ironworks Company, fittings for horse-stables, first prize—Gold medal"
    • "St. Pancras Ironworks Company, stable-fittings, third prize—Bronze medal"
  • "...the disused nineteenth century St. Pancras Ironworks, in a courtyard off York Way in Islington." (excerpt from this BBC article titled Heritage protection tax urged)
  • "...St. Pancras ironworks, a building which is considered to be the most significant unlisted building in the immediate area." —UK Parliament, King's Cross Railways (No. 2) Bill (By Order)


St. Pancras Ironworks, Laxton's Building Price Book, 1868
1868 · Laxton's Building Price Book
Grace's Guide

The St. Pancras Iron-Work Company.
St. Pancras Iron-Work Co. · IRON GATES AND RAILINGS · 1870 St. Pancras Iron-Work Co. ad in The Gardeners' Chronicle and Agrcultural Gazette · 1872
1871 · The Architect, May 13, 1871 1870 · IRON GATES AND RAILINGS
Burgersdijk & Niermans (Auction 340)
1872 · The Gardeners' Chronicle and
Agricultural Gazette

Biodiversity Heritage Library

How to farm, with profit, arable and pasture land · 1876 St. Pancras Ironworks ad, 1876
1876 · Grace's Guide

Royal Institute of British Architects · Proceedings · 1884
The Mistletoe Bough Advertiser · 1885
How to farm, with profit,
arable and pasture land
· 1876
Proceedings of the Royal Institute
of British Architects
· 1884
The Mistletoe Bough · 1885

The St. Pancras Iron-Work Company.
1890 · C. Hagelstam Antikvariaatti

St. Pancras Ironworks, July, 1898
July, 1898 · Grace's Guide
St. Pancras Iron-Work Co. ad · Stable Building and Stable Fitting · 1891
1891 · Stable Building & Stable Fitting
St. Pancras Iron-Work Co. · Basement Lighting Engineers · 1897
Basement Lighting Engineers
London, 1897, 60p
Columbia University Libraries
via The Internet Archive
~44MB: pdf

The St. Pancras Iron Work Co. Ltd. ad The St. Pancras Iron Work Co. Ltd.

Engineers and Ironfounders

Stable, Cow House, and Piggery Fittings
Harness Room Fittings, Paving and Ventilation

Basement Lighting Engineers

Pavement, Floor and Stall Board Lights
Cellar Flaps · Coal Hole Plates
Daylight Reflectors · Ship's Deck Lights

IRON STAIRCASES (Straight and Spiral)

St. Pancras Patent Pavement, Floor and Stall Lights · Laxton's 1892, p.253 ST. PANCRAS PATENT PAVEMENT, FLOOR AND STALL LIGHTS
St. Pancras Iron Works, Pancras Road, London, N.W.
Per foot super.
Made to
s. d. s. d.
Patent semi-prism pavement lights · 8 6 9 6
Ditto, smaller · 6 3 7 3
Braded ditto · 6 0 7 0
Convex ditto · 5 6 6 6
Rough plate ditto · 4 6 5 6
Patent prismatic stallboard lights · 7 6 8 6
Lighthouse, Oxford, Chequer &c. ditto · 6 0 7 6
Rough plate ditto · 4 6 5 6
Ornamental tile and lens lights from  9 0   to  11 6
Roadway lights for heavy traffic " 10 0 " 14 6
Patent balanced cellar flaps " 6 0 " 10 0
Rolling lights with runners &c. " 6 6 " 12 0
St. Pancras Patent Pavement, Floor and Stall Lights · Laxton's 1892, p.254 ST. PANCRAS PATENT SAFETY SELF-FASTENING COAL PLATES.
Sizes of Circular Plates
12in. 14in. 16in. 18in.
s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d.
No. 1 Solid iron 4 6 5 6 7 0 8 6
No. 2 Ventilating 4 6 5 6 7 0 8 6
No. 3 Illuminating 7 6 9 6 13 0 16 6
No. 4 Illuminating and ventilating
7 6 9 6 13 0 16 6
Protecting rings for asphalte pavements
in lieu of ordinary rings, extra
0 6 1 0 1 6 2 0
Illuminating plates for use as fixed
pavement lights
5 6 7 0 9 6 12 0
Orinary coal plates, not self-fastening in all sizes, plain, ventilating
and illuminating.
Laxton's Builders' Price Book for 1892 · p.253-254

Trade Catalogs:


St. Pancras Ironworks pavement light lens St. Pancras Ironworks pavement light lens St. Pancras Ironworks pavement light lens St. Pancras Ironworks pavement light lens
St. Pancras Ironworks pavement light lens · "ST PANCRAS.IRON.WORKS LONDON" · "RD NO 160988."

Design registration entry for No. 160988 Design registration entry · UK National Archives

Nos. 160984-8. Class 4.
Name The St. Pancras Iron Work Company
Address St. Pancras Road, London. N.W.
Description Engineers
Date of Registration 14th November 1890

St. Pancras pavement light

Oxford - Cellar light of the St. Pancras Ironworks St Pancras Ironworks St. Pancras Ironwork Co., Leeds, UK St Pancras
Michiel 2005 · ipernity johnnyg1955 · flickr Robby Virus · flickr Clive1945 · flickr

St Pancras Ironworks St Pancras Ironworks pavement light St Pancras Ironworks coal cover St Pancras Iron Work Co coal plate
pavement light
Marzilius · flickr
pavement light and coal cover
David Preston · Morning Mister Magpie
coal cover
Clive Stanley · flickr

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