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Glass & Glass-Making
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Page 8

French and Italian Glass of the Seventeenth Century
funnels, and immense covered cups and cups mounted in gold-- the pride of guilds and corporations-- appear in the pictures of Rembrandt, Frans Hals, Jan Steen, Terburg, and others.
    After the taste for Venetian glass had passed, the Dutch and Flemish took up engraving on glass. The Dutch became adepts. Very famous were three sisters, Anna, Gertrude, and Maria Visscher, of Amsterdam. They were well placed in life and excelled in all the accomplishments of their day, "including dancing and engraving exquisitely with the diamond."
    The example here given from the Ryks Museum, Amsterdam, is a pale sea-green goblet decorated by Anna Visscher, with a wild rose, a marigold, a carnation, a dragon fly, an inscription, her name and the date, 1621.
    In the late eighteenth century the Dutch excelled in a kind of dotted work (like stipple engraving) that produced the effect of a breath on a pane. They also copied intricate engravings on their dishes, bowls and goblets. Museums also show with pride all kinds of "trick glasses" that suited the heavy merriment of such people
Old English Ale Glasses
as we see depicted by Frans Hals, Rembrandt, Rubens, Van der Helst and Teniers. The Flemings and Dutch were also affected by Bohemian and English influences in the eighteenth century.

English Glass

    English glass took a new turn in the days of William and Mary. The English had just invented flint glass, or "lead glass," which was beautifully clear and hard, with the most wonderful dispersive power of any glass known. This quality was soon seized upon by the cutters, who enriched the surface by many patterns, not only interesting in themselves, but well adapted to scattering the rays of light that passed through the glass and breaking them into prismatic colors. Perhaps the cutters may have begun by