these artists. The Venetians are not supposed to have cultivated
the art of engraving rough ground with polished relief on Glass, which is
now, and has been, for perhaps two centuries, so successfully pursued
by the Bohemians. Their excellent arabesque borders, animals, and
landscapes, are executed in quantities, with surprising rapidity, and
at a low rate of wages; from ten to fifteen shillings a-week being in
Bohemia a fair remuneration even for a tolerably artistic engraver,
who would earn fifty shillings a-week if working in London.
Copper wheels, and finely pulverized emery
mixed with oil, are used to execute the outline and ground of the modern
engraver's work; and for the polished work, lead wheels, and very finely
pulverized emery, are employed.* The most elaborate and splendidly
executed artistic specimen of engraving, is now at the Falcon Glass
Works, and is the work of a German artist, who devoted several years
to its accurate details. The subject is from the picture of Lebrun,
representing the final battle and triumph of Alexander the Great over
Darius, which ended in the entire overthrow of the Persian empire.
Coarse patterns for hall lamps are engraved
by the Glass-cutter's smoothing wheel. The contrast of the polish of a
wood wheel upon a ground roughened by sand is often effective, though
the range of pattern is somewhat curtailed by the large size of the
cutter's wheels, rendering it difficult to execute curvilinear designs.
The Venetians practised a curious art of engraving with the point of a
diamond, or broken steel file.
* Stoppering, (bottles,) like
engraving, requires little power, but that the velocity be varied; hence,
the foot lathe answers as well as, or better than, steam power.