balls, one of smoke-coloured, and the other of light brown, Glass;
and both ornamented with lines of white enamel radiating spirally from
the centre. Among the perforated beads, are many curious varieties,
and great diversity in the colour of the Glass; there are some entirely
colourless, and other approach nearly to it. Some of the enamelled
specimens are formed of concentric layers of different colours; and the
facets are cut across these, and thus produce a variety of waved lines.
Another has an imitation of stones of different colour, being set in
studs on its surface; and a third is ornamented with small raised and
twisted coral-work. Indeed, the whole collection, from the diversity in
form, material, colour, and design, which it exhibits, is well deserving
of a careful examination. (Archæological Journal, No. 12,
Glass engraving in its modern
acceptation—viz., roughened and polished in intaglio,—was
probably unknown to the Romans and their predecessors. The art of cutting
Glass in relief, was, however, known to them at very remote periods; for
which purpose, as we learn from Pliny, (Nat. Hist., xxvii. c. 4,)
the diamond was used.
The Chinese have long been skilled in
Glass-making. M. Abel Rémusat states,* that their imitation of the
Yeschm was so excellent,
that it was almost impossible to distinguish the artificial from the real.
This description of Glass-ware was manufactured into vases of various
forms by the Chinese, from whom the Arabians procured them. Some were
of a clear,
* Histoire de la Ville de Khotan,
tirée des annales de la Chine, et traduite de la Chinois; suivle
de recherches sur la substance minérale, appellér par
le Chinois, Pierre de Ju, et sur le Jaspe des Ancient. Par M. Abel
Rémusat, pp. 153-159.