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lending her seventeen hundred pounds. Sir Rowland also obliged the City itself with a loan of a thousand pounds.
    His name-- if not his person-- must have been familiar to William Shakespeare who is said to have based the character of Sir Rowland de Bois, father of Orlando in As You Like It, upon that of the wealthy city merchant:
Orlando: I am more proud to be Sir Rowland's son,
His youngest son--and would not change that calling,
To be adopted heir to Frederick.
Rosalind: My father lov'd Sir Rowland as his soul,
And all the world was of my father's mind:
    He lived to become "The Father of the City" as well as of sixteen children, many of whom predeceased him, and when he himself died full of years and honours he was described as one of "the best merchants" and "the antientest alderman of the city."
    It was therefore during Lord Mayor Hayward's time that the roots of the family dug themselves deep into the City clay. A century later, when Oliver Cromwell had come and gone, John Hayward was closely concerned under Sir Christopher Wren with the rebuilding of St. Paul's and other churches destroyed in the Great Fire. Although a Samuel Hayward of Cheapside was made a freeman of the Glaziers' Company as early as 1745, there is no direct connection with the glass trade until nearly forty years after that date, when another Samuel Hayward founded the present business.
    The great religious rebellion, started by Martin Luther and carried on by Calvin, Knox, Wesley and others, had found keen adherents among the Hayward family, one of whom, the Reverend Samuel Hayward, was to earn renown as a preacher and writer. A man of private means, he devoted himself from an early age to the ideals he had set himself. After ministries in various parts of the country, this gifted divine returned to the City and became Independent Minister of the famous Silver Street Chapel.